Eddie Leonard: The Last Minstrel


Eddie Leonard came onto the minstrel scene before either Jolson or Cantor, but unlike those performers, blackface was his whole schtick — hence his obscurity today. Born in  Richmond, Virginia, he  joined Lew Dockstader’s minstrels in the late 1890s, then moved to the Haverly Minstrel Troup. He was a star by 1902. He wrote the vaudeville song “Ida, Sweet as Apple Cider (which later became a staple of Eddie Cantor’s act). The other song he was closely identified with was the popular “Roly Boly Eyes”, his signature tune.  Leonard was a headliner for many years, and even got film roles in Melody Lane (1929) and If I Had My Way (1940).

Leonard’s habit overstaying his welcome onstage was proverbial. He took seemingly endless encores, and when he felt it was time to retire, he took seemingly endless farewell tours. When told he would have to confine his act to ten minutes one time his manager said “My god! It takes Eddie Leonard ten minutes just to bow!”. Jack Lait called him “the Chinese Philosopher —  On Too Long, Bow Too Long.”

Entertainment historian Anthony Slide calls him “the last of a line that could be traced back to southern plantations”. When minstrelsy (and vaudeville) died, not long thereafter, so did he.

To find out more about these variety artists and the history of vaudevilleconsult No Applause, Just Throw Money: The Book That Made Vaudeville Famous, available at Amazon, Barnes and Noble, and wherever nutty books are sold.



5 Responses to “Eddie Leonard: The Last Minstrel”

  1. […] train for Washington, D.C. with a white friend named Lemuel Toney (who later went on to become Eddie Leonard, a major blackface star in minstrelsy and vaudeville). His first professional gig was the part of a […]


  2. […] he met Babe Ruth and Bill Robinson, both also waywards. He started really to break in when at an Eddie Leonard performance at the Bijoux Theatre in Washington, Leonard asked the audience to sing along with […]


  3. […] split off to form his 40-member Lew Dockstader’s Minstrels. This is the company that employed Eddie Leonard and Al Jolson. By the teens, minstrel shows were over and Dockstader had returned to vaudeville as a […]


  4. Love your website.

    Would you mind revealing how the number ratings are arrived at?

    Thank You

    Ron Leonard


    • Thanks! It’s not a ranking system, so it’s not in order of importance or anything. Most of them are posted on the birthdays of the artists, so it kind of goes in order of the calendar year, as people come to my attention. In some cases, the birthdays aren’t known so I just post them as they occur to me. So, in short, it’s almost completely random. Are you related to Eddie Leonard?


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